The short answer is NO.
Short range weapon seasons for big game are limited to:
- Shotgun using a slug or #00 or larger buckshot
- Muzzleloader that are .45 caliber for deer, pronghorn, mountain lion or wolf and at least .50 caliber for elk, moose, bighorn sheep, mountain goat or black bear
- With any bow having a peak draw weight of not less than forty (40) pounds up to or at a draw of twenty-eight (28) inches, or any crossbow having a peak draw weight of not less than one hundred fifty (150) pounds.
- With any handgun using straight wall centerfire cartridges not originally developed for rifles
Although the .357 Magnum was developed as a pistol cartridge, the use of a rifle violates the short range weapon law’s intent of preventing the use of rifles.