Resource and Management Focal Areas in Idaho

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Publication_Date: 10/10/2008
Title:
Resource and Management Focal Areas in Idaho
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Online_Linkage: \\www.wildlife.uidaho.edu\wkshps\focalareas\focalareas_geodb.mdb
Description:
Abstract:
The state of Idaho developed the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS) in October 2005 to provide a framework for conserving 'Species of Greatest Conservation Need' (SGCN) and the habitats upon which they depend.  This dynamic document is intended to enable all conservation partners to make more informed decisions regarding the 229 SGCN and 18 priority habitats identified in 14 ecological sections across the state.  The CWCS is strategic, not prescriptive, in nature and is intended to be adaptive. To date, implementation has largely occurred at the statewide level.  For instance, BLM Challenge Cost Share funding and Resource Management Plans specify SGCN.  Similarly, USFS planning efforts and NRCS programs target SGCN and their habitats.  

To guide CWCS implementation and help prioritize specific conservation actions at a local scale, partners across Idaho participated in a series of workshops to identify, delineate, and attribute resource and management focal areas in each ecological section.  Six workshops were held in 3 areas of the state: 1) north Idaho (Coeur d'Alene, Moscow), 2) southwest/central Idaho (Nampa, Boise), and 3) southeast Idaho (Idaho Falls).  The specific objectives of the workshops were to: 1) capture regional expertise and local knowledge, 2) create ecological section-level focal area maps identifying areas of high resource value, and 3) enable the use of maps and action plans as a conservation tool for on the ground implementation and prioritization.  Workshop participants included biologists and managers from Idaho Depart of Fish and Game, Idaho Parks and Recreation, US Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, US Fish and Wildlife Service, US Army Corp of Engineers, US National Park Service, US Gap Analysis Program, Potlatch, Forest Capital, Idaho Power, Idaho National Laboratory, Soil and Water Conservation Districts, Kootenai Tribe of Idaho, Coeur d'Alene Tribe, Nez Perce Tribe, Sho-Ban Tribes, Lava Lake Land and Livestock, The Nature Conservancy, Wildlife Conservation Society, Idaho Conservation League, Palouse Prairie Foundation, Friends of the Clearwater, Western Watersheds, Audubon Society, Spatial Interest, Palouse Clearwater Environmental Institute, Wood River Land Trust, Palouse Land Trust, Teton Regional Land Trust, Lemhi Regional Land Trust, The Lands Council, University of Idaho, and private citizens.

The development of resource and management focal area maps involved using a Delphi (expert opinion) approach.  Focal areas were delineated on 1:200,000 scale sheet maps with a minimum mapping unit of approximately 245 hectares (605 acres).  For each polygon delineated, an accompanying site criteria form was completed identifying why the area was important and what species and habitats occurred there.  These data were on-screen digitized using ArcGIS and GoogleEarth and attributed with information from the site criteria form as well as other spatial databases.  

Focal areas were defined as either resource-based, management-based, or both.  A resource focal area is defined as a geographical area necessary for the long-term persistence of SGCNs and their habitat (in other planning efforts these may be referred to as High Resource Value Areas or Biologically Important Areas).  A management focal area is defined as a general geographical area that targets resources and efforts where they can benefit the largest number of species and habitats in need of conservation.  Management focal areas are generally larger and may include species and/or habitats other than SGCNs as well as non-biological factors.

Idaho is rich in natural resources yet, it is also one of the fastest growing states in the country.  This makes the task of defining focal areas a challenging one.  On one hand, all of Idaho is important for the long-term conservation of these species and their habitats.  But on the other hand, lack of focus makes it difficult to allocate limited time, money, and resources.  This challenge was openly met and discussed at the workshops.  Participants often used the litmus test of, "If I had $3 million to spend in this ecological section, where could I have the most impact?" Specific questions posed included 1)  Are there specific areas that need to be included as focal areas for SGCNs and their habitat (e.g., waterfalls for black swift)?  Are there areas currently identified that should not be (e.g., errors in the models, land use changes)?, 2) Do these focal areas also include species or habitat significant to conservation for other reasons (e.g., migration corridors, big game winter range)?, and 3) What conservation actions are necessary in each area?

The focal areas mapped here are general areas important for these species in greatest conservation need but, by no means, are intended to imply that conservation actions should be restricted to these areas.  The polygons are intended to help direct attention and focus efforts, not limit or regulate actions.
Purpose:
The purpose of the focal areas map is to provide a mechanism for implementing the statewide CWCS on the ground.  It is intended as an informal resource for CWCS implementation, to help direct attention and focus efforts.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2008
Currentness_Reference:
publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -117.529969
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -110.655008
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49.039587
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.942968
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword: focal areas
Theme_Keyword: Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Theme_Keyword: Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy
Place:
Place_Keyword: Idaho
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
These data are not to be used at scales greater than 1:200,000.  In addition, these data represent general areas important for the species in greatest conservation need but, by no means, are intended to imply that conservation actions should be restricted to these areas.  The purpose of the focal areas map is to provide a mechanism for implementing the statewide CWCS on the ground.  It is intended as an informal resource for CWCS implementation, to help direct attention and focus efforts.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Leona Svancara
Contact_Organization: Idaho Department of Fish and Game / University of Idaho
Contact_Position: Spatial Ecologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
121 Sweet Ave
City: Moscow
State_or_Province: ID
Postal_Code: 83843
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 208-885-3774
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: leonab@uidaho.edu or lsvancara@idfg.idaho.gov
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.0.1770
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Unknown
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Polygon topology present.
Completeness_Report:
All polygons are attributed.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Not applicable
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
SGCN for which the ecological section of interest represented a significant portion of the range were selected as the primary focus for the mapping effort.  Basic models of species richness were calcuated for these species using the wildlife habitat models developed by the Idaho GAP program and known occurrence data from the Idaho Conservation Data Center Animial Conservation Database.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Workshops were held in Couer d'Alene (Feb 11), Moscow (Feb 22), Nampa (Mar 19), Boise (Apr 3), and Idaho Falls (Apr 11, 25).  In each workshop, participants identified, delinieated, and attributed resource and management focal areas in each ecological section to the best of their knowledge.  Focal areas were drawn on 1:200,000 scale sheet maps and associated site criteria forms were completed.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
After each workshop, results were synthesized, polygons were digitized on-screen, and attributes were assigned based on the associated site criteria forms.  In addition, each polygon was evaluated against other available spatial data including the Animal Conservation Database, wolf pack locations, bald eagle habitat, rare plant occurrences, prioritized wetlands, sage grouse habitat, elk and mule deer winter range, bighorn sheep and mountain goat habitat, and streams.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Draft focal area maps and synthesized attributes were made available for review in GoogleEarth format via the internet following each workshop.  In addition, the results were used to jump-start the following workshop.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The final version of focal areas was converted from a shapefile to a personal geodatabase to allow for extensive attributing using memo fields.  Additional attributes were added including known/documented occurrences of SGCN based on the Animal Conservation Database and partners databases where applicable, known prioritized wetlands based on Hahn et al. (2005), identified Important Bird Areas (IBA), and known managed areas based on the 2002 managed lands database.
Process_Date: 05/01/2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Known species occurrence attributes were updated with the most recent version of the Animal Conservation Database (July 2008), Sharp-tail grouse database (2007), and Greater Sage-grouse database (2007).
Process_Date: 09/19/2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Slight boundary modifications on 3 focal areas to encompass the only known locations of 3 invertebrates of concern (as per W. Bosworth, zoologist, IDFG).  Hat Creek was extended north ~5mi up Morgan Creek for Melanoplus salmonis (A Spur-throat Grasshopper), Little Salmon and Rapid River was exended west ~1mi up West Fork Rapid River (Seven Devils Mountainsnail), and Portneauf River was extended south ~1mi up Dempsey Creek (Thin-ribbed Mountainsnail).
Process_Date: 10/10/08
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Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 138
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Transverse Mercator
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -114.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 42.000000
False_Easting: 2500000.000000
False_Northing: 1200000.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000100
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000100
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
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Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: FocalAreas
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OBJECTID
Attribute_Definition:
Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition:
Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Id
Attribute_Definition:
Unique ID equal to ObjectID
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Site_numb
Attribute_Definition:
Site number linking to original polygons on maps and criteria forms
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FA_Type
Attribute_Definition:
Type of focal area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Name
Attribute_Definition:
Name of focal area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Crit_SGCN
Attribute_Definition:
Criteria specific to SGCN
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Crit_Habit
Attribute_Definition:
Criteria specific to habitats
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Crit_Other
Attribute_Definition:
Criteria specific to other species
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SppOcc_AB
Attribute_Definition:
Bird SGCN known to occurr in this area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
CDC Animal Conservation Database unless otherwise noted in comments
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SppOcc_AM
Attribute_Definition:
Mammal SGCN known to occur in this area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
CDC Animal Conservation Database unless otherwise noted in comments
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SppOcc_AAR
Attribute_Definition:
Amphibian and reptile species known to occur in this area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
CDC Animal Conservation Database unless otherwise noted in comments
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SppOcc_AF
Attribute_Definition:
Fish SGCN known to occur in this area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
StreamNet Database unless otherwise noted in comments
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SppOcc_IN
Attribute_Definition:
Invertebrate SGCN known to occur in the area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
CDC Animal Conservation Database unless otherwise noted in comments
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Wetlands
Attribute_Definition:
Identified and prioritized wetlands that occur in this area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Hahn, L., C. Murphy, A. Schmidt, T. Fields.  2005.  Idaho Wetland Conservation Priorization Plan. Idaho Conservation Data Center, Idaho Dept Fish and Game, Boise, ID
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Imp_Bird_Area
Attribute_Definition:
Identified Important Bird Areas (IBA) that occur in this area.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
IDFG Important Bird Area database (2008)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Man_Areas
Attribute_Definition:
Managed areas that occur in this area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
CDC Managed Areas Database (2002)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Perc_Managed
Attribute_Definition:
Percent of focal area identified as part of a managed area
Attribute_Definition_Source:
CDC Managed Area Database (2002)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Comments
Attribute_Definition:
Additional comments
Attribute_Definition_Source:
User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape_Length
Attribute_Definition:
Length of feature in internal units.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape_Area
Attribute_Definition:
Area of feature in meters squared.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
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Distribution_Information:
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
These data are not to be used at scales greater than 1:200,000.  In addition, these data represent general areas important for the species in greatest conservation need but, by no means, are intended to imply that conservation actions should be restricted to these areas.  The purpose of the focal areas map is to provide a mechanism for implementing the statewide CWCS on the ground.  It is intended as an informal resource for CWCS implementation, to help direct attention and focus efforts.
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20081010
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Idaho Dept of Fish and Game / University of Idaho
Contact_Person: Leona Svancara
Contact_Position: Spatial Ecologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
121 Sweet Ave
City: Moscow
State_or_Province: ID
Postal_Code: 83843
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 208-885-3774
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: leonab@uidaho.edu or lsvancara@idfg.idaho.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
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